Start with patience. Allow your dog to approach new people and situations at their own pace, without any pressure.
Use positive reinforcement to reward your dog for calm and sociable behavior. Treats and praise go a long way.
Gradually expose your dog to new experiences in a controlled manner, ensuring they feel safe throughout.
Obedience training can boost your dog's confidence and improve their response to social situations.
Arrange playdates with other well-socialized dogs to help your dog learn social cues and build friendships.
If needed, consider professional guidance from a dog trainer or behaviorist experienced in socialization.
Be consistent in your efforts. Consistent socialization practices will help your dog become more comfortable and confident over time.